The Whirl of Words
Puzzling Past and Present

by Jonathan Berkowitz

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Business Statistics: A First Course, 
Second  Canadian Edition - book cover

Business Statistics: A First Course,
Second Canadian Edition

Norean D. Sharpe, Georgetown University
Richard D. De Veaux, Williams College
Paul F. Velleman, Cornell University
Jonathan Berkowitz Sauder School of Business, University of British Columbia

To learn more visit Pearson Canada catalogue or check out the Contents and Preface.

Business Statistics: A First Course, 1st Canadian edition - book cover

Sharpe NR, De Veaux RD, Velleman PF, Berkowitz J.
Business Statistics: A First Course, 1st Canadian edition; Pearson Canada Inc., Toronto, 2015.

Publications appearing in refereed journals

Moran B, Berkowitz J, Zloty D, et al. “Photographic assessment of post-surgical facial scars epidermally sutured with rapidly-absorbable 910 or nylon: A randomized clinical trial” Journal of American Academy of Dermatology, 83(5): 1395-1399, 2020.

Bajunirwe F, Stothers L, Elliott S, Berkowitz J, Macnab AJ. “Associations between sexual satisfaction and function and the severity of lower urinary tract symptoms among men in a rural sub-Saharan African community” Canadian Urological Association Journal, 13(11): E350-6, 2019.

Fahmy N, Kouyoumdjian FG, Berkowitz J, Martin RE, et al. “Access to primary care for persons recently released from prison” Annals of Family Medicine, 16(6): 549-551, 2018.

Bajunirwe F, Stothers L, Berkowitz J, Macnab AJ. “Prevalence estimates for lower urinary tract symptom severity among men in Uganda and sub-Saharan Africa based on regional prevalence data” Canadian Urological Association Journal 12(11): e447-e452, 2018.

Rieb L, Norman W, Martin RE, Berkowitz J, et al. “Linking opioid-induced hyperalgesia and
withdrawal-associated injury site pain: A case report” PAIN Reports, 3(3): e648, 2018.

Sancton K, Sloss L, Berkowitz J, Strydom N, McCracken R. “Low-acuity presentations to the emergency department: reasons for presentation and access to other health care providers prior to emergency presentation” Canadian Family Physician 64(8): e354-e360, 2018.

Stothers L, Macnab AJ, Bajunirwe F, Mutabazi S, Berkowitz J. “Associations between the severity of obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms and care-seeking behavior in rural Africa: A cross-sectional survey from Uganda” PLOS One 12(3): e0173631, 2017.

Stothers L, Brown P, Fenster H, Levine M, Berkowitz J. “Dose response of cranberry in the
treatment of lower urinary tract infections in women” Journal of Urology 195:4 Supp: e555, 2016.

Rieb L, Norman W, Martin RE, Berkowitz J, et al. “Withdrawal-associated injury site pain (WISP): A descriptive case series of an opioid cessation phenomenon” Pain 157(12): 2865-2874, 2016.

De Korompay N, Alshammari M, Klass D, Chung J, Pung L, Moore T, Berkowitz J, et al. “Intraprocedural parenchymal blood volume (PBV) is a predictor of treatment response for chemoembolization of non resectable hepatocellular carcinoma: a prospective study” Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology 27(3), Supp: s295, 2016.

Law GBS, Nathoo H, Reiner E, Berkowitz J, Warner SJ, Mikelberg FS. “Correlation in severity between glaucoma and erectile dysfunction” Journal of Glaucoma 25(9):716-719, 2016.

Rivers JK, Vestvik BJ, Berkowitz J. “Real world efficacy of 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser for the treatment of onychomycosis” Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery 21(2);108-113, 2016.

Blouin MM, Al Jasser M, Demanczuk A, Berkowitz J., Zloty D. “Continuous versus interrupted sutures for facial surgery repair: A randomized prospective study.” Dermatologic Surgery 141:919-928, 2015.

Bacenas AAP, Ricketts CA, Berkowitz J, Caron NR. “GP Surgery: Anyone Interested?” Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine 20(1):15-23, 2015.

MacKay FD, Anderson JE, Klein MC, Berkowitz J. et al. “The modified medical office assistant role in rural diabetes care.” Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine 19(2):49-56, 2014.

Gambling DR, Berkowitz J, Farrell TR, Pue AF, Shay DC. “A randomized controlled comparison of epidural analgesia and combined spinal-epidural analgesia in a private practice setting: pain scores during first and second stages of labor and at delivery.” Anesthesia and Analgesia 116:636-43, 2013.

Kassam R, Collins, JB, Berkowitz J. “Patient satisfaction with pharmaceutical care delivery in community pharmacies” Patient Preference and Adherence 6:337-348, 2012.

Robinson C, Kolesar S, Boyko M, Berkowitz J, et al. “Awareness of do-not-resuscitate orders: What do patients know and want?” Canadian Family Physician 58:e229-33, 2012.

MacKenzie M, Berkowitz J. “Do procedural skills workshops during family practice resident work?” Canadian Family Physician 56(8):e296-301, 2010.

Kirkham C, Berkowitz J. “Listeriosis in pregnancy: A survey of British Columbia practitioners’ knowledge regarding risk factors, counselling practices and learning needs” Canadian Family Physician 56(4): e158-166, 2010.

Kassam R, Collins JB, Berkowitz J. “Developing anchored measures of patient satisfaction with pharmaceutical care delivery: Experiences versus expectations” Patient Preferences and Adherence 3:113-122, 2009.

Yip LW, Sothornwit N, Berkowitz J, Mikelberg FS. “A comparison of interocular differences in patients with pigment dispersion syndrome” Journal of Glaucoma 18(1): 1-5, 2009.

Hutton EK, Saunders CA, Tu M, Stoll K, Berkowitz J. “Factors associated with a successful external cephalic version in the Early ECV Trial” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada 30(1): 23-28, 2008.

Davison BJ, So AI, Goldenberg SL, Berkowitz J, Gleave ME. “Measurement of factors influencing participation of prostate cancer patients in clinical trials: A Canadian perspective.” British Journal of Urology 101(8):982-7, 2008.

Olatunde S, Leduc ER, Berkowitz J. “Different practice patterns of rural and urban general practitioners are predicted by the General Practice Rurality Index” Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine 12(2): 73-80, 2007.

Ogilvie GS, Palepu A, Remple VP, Maan E, Heath K, MacDonald G, Christilaw J, Berkowitz J, et al. “Fertility intentions of women of reproductive age living with HIV in British Columbia, Canada” AIDS 21(supp 1):S83-S88, 2007.

Schultz IZ, Crook J, Berkowitz J, Milner R, Meloche GR. “Predicting return to work after low back injury using the psychosocial risk for occupational disability instrument: A validation study” Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation 15(3): 365, 2005.

Stratman G, Gambling DR, Moeller-Bertram T, Stackpole J, Pue AF, Berkowitz J. “A randomised comparison of a five-minute versus fifteen-minute lockout interval for PCEA during labor” International Journal of Obstetric Anaesthesia 14(30): 207, 2005.

Martin RE, Gold F, Berkowitz J, et al. “Drug Use and Risk of Bloodborne Infections: A survey of Female Prisoners in British Columbia” Canadian Journal of Public Health 96(2): 97-101, 2005.

Thommasen HV, Berkowitz J, Thommasen AT, Michalos AC. “Understanding relationships between diabetes mellitus and health-related quality of life in a rural community” Rural and Remote Health 5:441(Online), 2005.

Thommasen HV, Michalos AC, Grzybowski S, Berkowitz J, et al. “Determinants of rural physician quality of life” Social Indicators Research 69:93-101, 2004.

Schultz IZ, Crook JM, Meloche GR, Berkowitz J, et al. “Psychosocial factors predictive of occupational low back disability: towards development of a return-to-work model” Pain 107: 77-86, 2004.

Davison BJ, Keyes M, Elliott S, Berkowitz J, Goldenberg SL. “Preferences for sexual information resources in patients treated for early-stage prostate cancer with either a radical prostatectomy or brachytherapy” British Journal of Urology 93: 965-969, 2004.

Schultz IZ, Crook JM, Berkowitz J, et al. “Biopsychosocial multivariate predictive model of occupational low back disability” Spine 27(23): 2720-2725, 2002.

Hunt DG, Zuberbier OA, Kozlowski AJ, Berkowitz J, et al. “Are components of a comprehensive medical assessment predictive of work disability after an episode of occupational low back trouble?” Spine 27(23): 2715-2719, 2002.

Prkachin KM, Schultz IZ, Berkowitz J, Hughes E. “Assessing pain behaviour in real time: Concurrent validity and examiner sensitivity” Behaviour Research and Therapy 40: 595-607, 2002.

Davison BJ, Gleave ME, Goldenberg SL, Degner LF, Hoffart D, Berkowitz J. “Assessing information and decision preferences of men with prostate cancer and their partners” Cancer Nursing 25(1): 42-49,2002.

Hall WA, Shearer K, Mogan J, Berkowitz J. “Weighing preterm infants before and after breastfeeding: Does it increase maternal confidence and competence” American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing 27(6): 318-326, 2002.

Henderson N, Grzybowski S, Thommasen C, Berkowitz J, Thommasen HV. “Procedural skills performed by British Columbia family physicians” Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine 6(30): 179-185, 2001.

Zuberbier OA, Hunt DG, Kozlowski AJ, Berkowitz J, et al. “Commentary on the American Medical Association guides’ lumbar impairment validity checks” Spine 26(24): 2735-2737, 2001.

Hunt DG, Zuberbier OA, Kozlowski AJ, Robinson J, Berkowitz J, et al. “Reliability of the lumbar flexion, lumbar extension and passive straight leg raise test in normal populations embedded within a complete physical examination” Spine 26(24): 2714-2718, 2001.

Zuberbier OA, Kozlowski AJ, Hunt DG, Berkowitz J, et al. “Analysis of the convergent and discriminant validity of published lumbar flexion, extension, and lateral flexion scores” Spine 26(20): E472-E478, 2001.

Prkachin KM, Schultz IZ, Berkowitz J, Hughes E. “Do you need training to detect pain behaviors?” Annals of Behavioral Medicine 23(Supplement), S009, 2001.

Thommasen HV, Connelly I, Lavanchy M, Berkowitz J, Grzybowski S. “Mental health, job satisfaction, and intention to relocate: Opinions of physicians in rural British Columbia” Canadian Family Physician 47: 737-744, 2001.

Thommasen HV, Connelly I, Lavanchy M, Berkowitz J, Grzybowski S. “Burnout, depression, and moving away: How are they related?” Canadian Family Physician 47: 747-749, 2001.

Taylor RC, Berkowitz J, McComb PF. “Role of laparoscopic salpingostomy in the treatment of hydrosalpinx” Fertility and Sterility 75: 594-600, 2001.

Maupome G, Shulman JD, Clark DC, Levy SM, Berkowitz J. “Tooth-surface progression and reversal changes in fluoridated and no-longer-fluoridated communities over a 3-year period” Caries Research 35(2): 95-105, 2001.

Maupome G, Clark DC, Levy SM, Berkowitz J. “Patterns of dental caries following the cessation of water fluoridation” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 29(1): 36-46, 2001.

Westby MD, Wade, JP, Rangno KK, Berkowitz J. “A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of an exercise program in women with rheumatoid arthritis on low dose prednisone” Journal of Rheumatology 27: 1674-1680, 2000.

Etherington J, Innes G, Christenson J, Berkowitz J. et al. “Development, implementation and reliability assessment of an emergency physician performance evaluation tool” Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine 2(4): 237-245, 2000.

Thommasen, HV, Berkowitz J, Grzybowski S. “Community Factors Associated with Long-term Physician Retention” British Columbia Medical Journal 42(9): 426-429, 2000.

Clark DC, Berkowitz J. “The influence of various fluoride exposures on the prevalence of esthetic problems resulting from dental fluorosis” Journal of Public Health Dentistry 57(3): 144-9, 1997.

Clark DC, Berkowitz J. “The relationship between the number of sound, decayed and filled permanent tooth surfaces and the number of sealed surfaces in children and adolescents” Journal of Public Health Dentistry 57(3) 171-5, 1997.

Grunfeld A, Beveridge RC, Berkowitz J, FitzGerald JM. “Management of acute asthma in Canada: An assessment of emergency physician behavior” Journal of Emergency Medicine 15(4) 547-556, 1997.

Livingstone VH, Willis CE, Berkowitz J. “Staphylococcus aureus and sore nipples” Canadian Family Physician 42: 654-59, 1996.

Clark DC, Hann HJ, Williamson MF, Berkowitz J. “Effects of lifelong consumption of fluoridated water or use of fluoride supplements on dental caries prevalence” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 23: 20-4, 1995.

Clark DC, Hann HJ, Williamson MF, Berkowitz J. “Influence of exposure to various fluoride technologies on the prevalence of dental fluorosis” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 22: 461-4, 1994.

Clark DC, Hann HJ, Williamson MF, Berkowitz J. “Aesthetic concerns of children and parents in relation to different classifications of the Tooth Surface Index of Fluorosis.” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 21:360-4, 1993.

Gambling DR, Huber C, Berkowitz J, Howell P, Swenerton J, Ross P, Crochetiere C, Pavy T. “Patient-controlled epidural analgesia in labour: varying bolus dose and lockout interval” Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 40(8): 211-7, 1993.

Hayes B, Solyom CAE, Wing PC, Berkowitz J. “Use of psychometric measures and nonorganic signs testing in detecting nomogenic disorders in low back pain patients” Spine 18(10): 1254-1262, 1993. (Abstract reprinted in Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy)

Berkowitz B, Ben-Zvi M, Berkowitz J. “A spatial time-dependent approach to estimation of hydrological data” Journal of Hydrology 135: 133-142, 1992.

Berkowitz J. “A therapeutic trial of interferon in multiple sclerosis: analysis of clinical evaluation” Canadian Journal of Statistics 20(1): 91-108, 1992.

Herbert CP, Grams G, Berkowitz J. “Sexual assault tracking study: Who gets lost to follow-up?” Journal of the Canadian Medical Association 147(8): 1177-1184, 1992.

Philips HC, Grant L, Berkowitz J. “The prevention of chronic pain and disability: A preliminary investigation” Behaviour Research and Therapy 29(5): 443-450, 1991.

MacEntee MJ, Hill PM, Wong G, Mojon P, Berkowitz J, Glick N. “Predicting concerns for the mouth among institutionalized elders” Journal of Public Health Dentistry 51(2):82-90, 1991.

Kastrukoff LF, Oger JJ, Tourtellotte WW, Sacks SL, Berkowitz J, Paty DW. “Systemic lymphoblastoid interferon therapy in chronic progressive multiple sclerosis II. Immunological evaluation” Neurology 41:1936-1941, 1991.

Kastrukoff LF, Oger JJ, Hashimoto SA, Sacks SL, Li DK, Palmer MR, Koopmans RA, Petkau AJ, Berkowitz J, Paty DW. “Systemic lymphoblastoid interferon therapy in chronic progressive multiple sclerosis I. Clinical and MRI evaluation” Neurology 40:479-486, 1990.

McMorland GH, Douglas MJ, Kim JHK, Kamani AA, Swenerton JE, Ross PLE, Palmer L, Berkowitz J. “Epidural sufentanil for post-Caesarean section analgesia: lack of benefit of epinephrine” Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 37(4):432-437, 1990.

Parkinson EA, Berkowitz J, Bull CJ. “Sample size requirements for detecting changes in some fisheries statistics from small trout lakes” North American Journal of Fisheries Management 8(2):181-190, 1988.

Kastrukoff LF, Morgan NG, Aziz TM, Zecchini D, Berkowitz J, Paty DW. “Natural killer (NK) cells in chronic progressive multiple sclerosis patients treated with lymphoblastoid interferon” Journal of Neuroimmunology 20:15-23, 1988.

Publications that were not refereed

(*denotes book-length)

Schultz IZ, Crook JM, Milner RA, Berkowitz J, Meloche GR. “Use of administrative databases to predict occupational disability: A feasibility assessment” Journal of Workers Compensation, 12(1): 43-55, 2002.

Russo A, Murphy C, Lessoway V, Berkowitz J. “The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among British Columbia sonographers” Journal of Applied Ergonomics 33:385-393, 2002.

Pike I, Russo A, Berkowitz J, Baker JP, Lessoway VA. “The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among diagnostic medical sonographers” Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 13(5), 219-227, 1997.

Best JA, Walsh G, Muzin F, Berkowitz J. “Healthy Hospital: Towards a Better Tomorrow” FORUM, Canadian College of Health Service Executives 10(3): 24-33, 1997.

Gambling DR, Risser R, Berkowitz J. “The effects of epidural morphine and epidural butorphanol on maternal outcomes after cesarean delivery” Response to Letter to the Editor, Anesthesia and Analgesia 81:1317-8,1995.

*Goelman H, Pence A, Lero D, Brockman L, Berkowitz J, Glick N. Where are the Children? An analysis of child care arrangements used while parents work or study. A volume in the Canadian Child Care Study, Statistics Canada, 1995.

*Goelman H, Pence A, Lero D, Brockman L, Glick N, Berkowitz J. Where are the children? An overview of child care arrangements in Canada. A volume in the Canadian Child Care Study, Statistics Canada (#89-527E), 1993.

Berkowitz J, Glick N. “Consulting with family physicians on research projects” Family Medicine Research Update 10(1), 1990.

Berkowitz J. “The chi-squared approximation to log-likelihood ratio tests” Technical Report #31, Department of Statistics, University of British Columbia, 1986.

*Berkowitz J. Solutions Manual for Introductory Engineering Statistics, 3rd ed., Guttman, Wilks & Hunter; Wiley & Sons, NY, 1982.

Berkowitz J. “Statistical Acrostic” Chance 2(2):40, 1989.

Berkowitz J. “Goodness of Wit Test: Cryptic Crossword Puzzles” CHANCE Magazine, American Statistical Association, Vol. 21 No. 3 (2008) to Vol. 27 No 1 (2014) – 23 issues

Berkowitz J. “Cryptic Crossword Puzzles” Cryptic All-Stars, Vols 2 (2015), 3 (2016), and 4 (2020).


Schultz I, Meloche G, Crook J, Joy P, Berkowitz J, Ostry A, Meloche W. “Biopsychosocial factors predictive of occupational disability in low back pain: Development of a predictive model and psychometric evaluation of the measurement instrument” In Proceedings of 9th World Congress on Pain (p. 360). Seattle: IASP Press, 1999.

Ostry A, Stringer B, Berkowitz J, Schultz I, Ramsum D. “Evaluation of a tool to assess the impact of workplace organization and safety culture on disability rates” In Proceedings of 9th World Congress on Pain (p. 428). Seattle: IASP Press, 1999.

Hunt D, Kozlowski A, Zuberbier O, Berkowitz J, Milner A. “Psychometric evaluation of a new standardized physical exam for the assessment of occupational low back injury” In Proceedings of 9th World Congress on Pain (p. 359). Seattle: IASP Press, 1999.

Schultz I, Crook J, Meloche GR, Berkowitz J, Joy P, Meloche W. “Psychosocial factors predictive of occupational disability among workers with low back pain: Towards the development of a return-to-work prediction model” In Back Pain and Disability – Unravelling the Puzzle – World Congress 2000 (p. 171-172), Vancouver BC: Physical Medicine Research Foundation, 2000.

Schultz I, Prkachin KM, Hughes E, Berkowitz J. “A system for observing pain behaviour during physical examination: Reliability of components and their relation to return to work” In Back Pain and Disability – Unravelling the Puzzle – World Congress 2000 (p. 173-174), Vancouver BC: Physical Medicine Research Foundation, 2000.